Galicia consists of four provinces: A Coruña, Lugo, Ourense and Pontevedra.
Capital: Santiago de Compostela.
Galicia is the most western region of Spain with almost eight hundred miles of Atlantic coastline, 750 beaches and has some of the most impressive landscapes in Spain. Also known as the “land of the 1000 rivers” which crosses the region from the mountainous inland to the coast, where they form the characteristic estuaries or “Rias”. Important local locations include the: Costa da Morte (coast of death) so called after the many shipwrecks that have occurred here due to the dangerous cliffs; and the Cabo Estaca de Vares – the most northerly point of Spain.
The region has more than sixty protected natural areas, accounting for a third of its landmass. Outstanding among them are: the national park of Islas Atlanticas de Galicia which extends from the Arousa estuary in the north as far as Vigo in the south. Important country parks are: As fragas de Eume, Dunas de Corrubedo and the lakes of Carregal and Vixan in Coruna; Monte o invernadeiro and Baixa Limia-Serra de Xures in Ourense and the isles of Cies and the Monte Aloia in Pontevedra.
Galicia has a rich Celtic, roman and medieval heritage. The Romans left as a legacy the walls of Lugo, the bridge of Ourense, and the Tower of Hercules. The Middle Ages were marked by the discovery of the tomb of the Apostle Santiago (Saint James). Thousands of pilgrims made their way to the cathedral of the newly founded town Santiago de Compostela, and the world-famous Way of Santiago (also known as Way of Saint James or Camino Jacobeo), which is flanked with numerous churches, monasteries and chapels.
Cities Santiago de Compostela : Santiago de Compostela is the final destination of the legendary medieval way of pilgrimship Camino de Santiago (Way of Saint James), now considered by Unesco a World Heritage Site. The town is named after the Apostle Saint James (“Santiago”), who is buried here.
A Coruña: This city is of high economical importance and is located on a peninsula. Major attractions include the Romanesque churches, the synagogue and the old quarter which offers an interesting contrast between fragile looking buildings and massive stone palaces.
Vigo: Galicia’s most populated city, with the most important port. The historic quarter is very charming and well preserved. — Lugo: Lugo is surrounded by Roman walls which are perfectly preserved, and has a beautiful Romanesque cathedral.
Ourense: Located inland also has a beautiful Romanesque cathedral. — Pontevedra: This province is said to be one of the most beautiful of Spain, thanks to the marvellous landscapes of Rías Baixas. The city itself offers an outstanding monumental centre.
Food and Cuisine of the Region: There is a wide variety of seafood, especially octopus, cod and goose barnacles. Local dishes include caldo gallego – a warming, substantial soup, caldo_de_lagoempanada – a tasty type of fish pie and lacón con grelos – a mix of pork, chorizo and turnip tops. Tasty puddings include Tarta de Santiago, a tart made of almonds and lemon; empanadas; Albariño wine from the Rias Baixas. This area is noted for soft artisan cheeses – tetilla – plus tasty hams and cold meats from Lugo, Maside, Sarria, Lalín, La Coruña.